Yb:CaGdAlO4(called CALGO) is a promising new laser gain material which possess several important advantages. The crystal structure of CALGO is tetragonal. When it is pumped at 979nm under pi configuration, we can get broad emission spectra from 994nm to 1050nm in theta configuration. This implies a very small quantum defect (down to 1.5%) and gives a good expectation of obtaining ultra-short pulse. Its thermal conductivity is also high: k=6.7W/m/K, which means it can be used for high power laser applications.
Er,Cr:YSGG (Erbium，Chromium doped Yttrium Scandium Gallium Garnet) provides an efficient laser crystal for generating 2800nm light in an important water absorption band. It becomes one of the most promising laser crystals recently owing to its high conversion efficiency，stable chemical properties，long fluorescent lifetime. Now Er,Cr:YSGG is widely used in dentistry，environmental researching，optical communication，remote sensing technology and military etc.
Nd:YVO4 is the most efficient laser host crystal for diode pumping among the current commercial laser crystals, especially, for low to middle power density. This is mainly for its absorption and emission features surpassing Nd:YAG.
Nd:YAG is the earliest and most famous laser host crystal. Since it combines great advantages in many basic properties, Nd:YAG is the ubiquitous presence for near-infrared solid-state lasers and their frequency-doubler, tripler, and higher order multiplier.
Cr4+:YAG Crystal is an excellent crystal for passively Q-switching diode pumped or lamp-pumped Nd:YAG, Nd:YLF, Nd:YVO4 or other Nd and Yb doped lasers at wavelength from 0.8 to 1.2 μm. Because of its chemically stable, durable, UV resistant, good thermal conductivity and high damage threshold (> 500 MW/cm2) and being easy to be operated, it will replace traditional materials, such as LiF, organic Dye and color centers.
Ho:Cr:Tm:YAG is a high efficient laser material which lases at 2.1 μm. It has wide applications in surgery, dentistry, atmospheric testing, etc.
In double doped Nd:Ce:YAG crystals Cerium are chosen as sensitizer for Nd3+ ions because of its strong absorption in UV spectral region at flash lamp pumping and efficient energy transfer to the Nd3+ excited state. As a result - thermal distortion in Nd: Ce:YAG is appreciably less and the output laser energy is greater than that in Nd:YAG at the same pumping. Therefore it is possible to realize high power lasers with good beam quality. Lasing wavelength at 1064 nm, laser damage threshold and thermal conductivity of the Nd: Ce:YAG crystals are the same as for Nd:YAG.
Yb:YAG is one of the most promising laser-active materials and more suitable for diode-pumping than the traditional Nd-doped systems. Compared with the commonly used Nd:YAG crystal, Yb:YAG crystal has a much larger absorption bandwidth to reduce thermal management requirements for diode lasers, a longer upper-laser level lifetime, three to four times lower thermal loading per unit pump power. Yb:YAG crystal at 1030nm is a good substitute for a Nd:YAG crystal at 1064nm and its second harmonic at 515nm may replace Ar-ion laser (with a large volume), which emit at 514nm.